Use more than one sense for instructions

Sensory characteristics is an important but ridiculous-sounding phrase in web accessibility. It’s actually far less complicated than it sounds. The sensory characteristics of your website are things like shape, sound, position and size.

You’ll often come across sensory characteristics in instructions to your users. Saying things like ‘Use the search

1.3.3 – Sensory Characteristics (Level A)Read more

Structure your website logically

All users benefit when your web page structure is logical. Many of us take things like headings, bullet points, bolding and italics for granted. For your users with disabilities, those elements can make the difference between understanding a website and leaving it. Many forms of assistive technology rely on correct formatting to

1.3.1 – Info and Relationships (Level A)Read more

Record player

Provide a second alternative for video with sound.

Users who have difficulty with hearing and/or vision may need assistance with audio-only or video only content, such as an audio file, embedded podcast or silent film.

By providing the same information in a different format, these users can access the content by other means, such as text or

1.2.3 – Audio Description or Media Alternative (Pre-recorded) (Level A)Read more

Captions

Provide captions for videos with audio
Users with hearing impairments may not be able perceive the sound on a video. Presenting this in caption means these users can fully enjoy the content.

How to pass

Add captions to all videos with sound.
Caption all spoken word.
Identify speakers.
Caption non-speech information (such as sounds).

Exceptions
You don’t need to

1.2.2 – Captions (Pre-recorded) (Level A)Read more

Provide an alternative to video-only and audio-only content
Users who have difficulty with hearing and/or vision may need assistance with audio-only or video only content, such as an audio file, embedded podcast or silent film.
By providing the same information in a different format, these users can access the content by other means, such as text or

1.2.1 – Audio-only and Video-only (Pre-recorded) (Level A)Read more

Provide text alternatives for non-text content that serves the same purpose.
Introduction
Users who cannot see images, hear audio or perceive video benefit from having text alternatives in their place. These can be read by the user or voiced by assistive technology.

Text alternatives must therefore provide the same information as the non-text content.
How to Pass

Add a

1.1.1 – Non-Text Content (Level A)Read more