‘Timing Adjustable’ requires that you provide user controls to turn off, adjust or extend time limits.

Introduction

Users with visual, motor or cognitive impairments may need more time than others to understand and use your website. Any time controls or limits can make using your website difficult for these users.

How to Pass ‘Timing Adjustable’

If content on your

Timing Adjustable (2.2.1 – Level A)Read more

‘No Keyboard Trap’ ensures users can navigate to and from all content using a keyboard.

Introduction

Users with visual or motor impairments may choose to access your website with only their keyboard. Users must be able to navigate to and away from all content and functionality on your website using a keyboard. 

How to Pass ‘No Keyboard Trap’

All

No Keyboard Trap (2.1.2 – Level A)Read more

All functionality is accessible by keyboard with no specific timings.

Introduction

Users with visual or motor impairment may navigate your website using only their keyboard or through assistive technology that relies on a keyboard-like interaction with your website.

How to Pass ‘Keyboard’

Ensure users can access all elements of your website using only a keyboardEnsure there are no specific

Keyboard (2.1.1 – Level A)Read more

Don’t play audio automatically.

Introduction

Automatically playing sounds can distract and disorientate users, especially those with cognitive impairment or relying on a screen reader.

How to Pass

Don’t have any audio that plays automatically.

Exceptions

Although you can technically pass this guideline by adding a pause, mute or stop function to automatic audio, that’s a bad idea. You don’t want users

1.4.2 – Audio Control (Level A)Read more

Don’t use presentation that relies solely on colour.

Introduction

Users with visual impairments, including difficulties perceiving colour, may need help when you use colour on your website to present information.

You can solve this by using other identifiers such as labels, shapes and patterns, issue.

How to Pass

Ensure no instructions rely on colour aloneEnsure that no information (like charts

1.4.1 – Use of Colour (Level A)Read more

Instructions don’t rely solely on sensory characteristics.
Introduction
“Sensory characteristics” is an important but complicated-sounding phrase in web accessibility. It’s actually far less complicated than it sounds. The sensory characteristics of components are things like shapes, sounds, positioning, orientation, sound, colour and size.

You’ll often come across sensory characteristics in instructions to users. Saying things like “Use the

1.3.3 – Sensory Characteristics (Level A)Read more

Present content in a meaningful order.
Introduction
The meaning of content on your website relies on the order you present it. For example, in English we read from left to right and read a left-hand column before a right-hand column.
Users who rely on assistive technology (such as a screen reader) to interpret content, require content to be

1.3.2 – Meaningful Sequence (Level A)Read more

Content, structure and relationships can be programmatically determined.
All users benefit when your website structure is logical and each section of content has a clear relationship with the content around it. Visual cues like headings, bullet points, line breaks, tables, bolding, underlining links and other formatting choices help users understand the content.
Assistive technology often relies on

1.3.1 – Info and Relationships (Level A)Read more

Provide audio description or text transcript for videos with sound.

Users who are blind or visually impaired need alternatives for video content.

Adding an audio description track or text transcript helps more users enjoy your content. These both help visually impaired users when the video’s regular soundtrack doesn’t convey all the information – for example, because the

1.2.3 – Audio Description or Media Alternative (Pre-recorded) (Level A)Read more

Provide captions for videos with audio.
Introduction
Users with hearing impairments may not be able to perceive the sound on a video. Presenting the video’s content in captions means these users can fully enjoy the content.
How to Pass

Add captions to all videos with sound.
Caption all spoken word.
Identify speakers.
Caption non-speech information (such as sound effects).

Exceptions
You don’t need to

1.2.2 – Captions (Pre-recorded) (Level A)Read more